The HISTORY of the GREAT CONSTRUCTIONS
Along the rocky Yin Mountains, the Great Wall of China climbs up high slopes and down canyons for thousands of kilometers. One of the greatest monuments of architecture, the construction of which started as far back as before Christ and continued after Christ, has survived. It is no wonder that the construction of the Wall burned out resources, took the lives of 100,000 people, due to epidemics and exhausting labor, and gave rise to plenty of legends! The construction of the first sections started as far back as in the 3rd century BC to protect China against raids from northern nomadic tribes. About one million people took part in the construction, which made up a fifth of the whole population of China at that time. The towers were built across the Wall at a distance of 200 meters or 650 feet, which corresponded to the flying distance of an arrow. The walls were built from rammed earth in 300-200 BC. The sections of the Wall that survived to this day were built from 1368 to 1644. After Christ, the Wall was mainly built from bricks and stones. Instead of cement, they used congee mixed with slaked lime. The 2,000-year efforts resulted in the Wall being 8,851 kilometers long and up 21,196 kilometers when all the branches are included. There were rumors that all the dead were buried in the foundation of the Wall to fortify it with their bones, and the structure was popularly called the longest cemetery in the world because of this. For over three centuries, from the day when the last stone had been placed, time left its mark on the Great Wall. Today, only a few sections built in the 1600s that were repaired in the 20th century remain to remind millions of tourists of the arduous and disinterested toil of millions of people. Hello, everybody. Now we go on.