玛丽·G·罗斯 , 玛丽·G·罗斯 Google Doodle

Google Doodle

玛丽·G·罗斯 , 玛丽·G·罗斯 Google Doodle

玛丽·G·罗斯 是1908年8月9日出生的第一位美国原住民女工程师。她是臭鼬工厂的40位创始工程师之一。

Today’s Doodle celebrates the 110th birthday of Mary G. Ross, the first American Indian female engineer, whose major contributions to the aerospace industry include the development of concepts for interplanetary space travel, manned and unmanned earth-orbiting flights, and orbiting satellites.

Great-great granddaughter to Chief John Ross of the Cherokee Nation, Ross was born on this day in 1908. Her math skills were surpassed only by her passion for aviation and the sciences. After teaching in Oklahoma for 9 years, she attended the University of Northern Colorado to pursue her master’s degree and love for astronomy and rocket science.

During World War II, Ross was hired by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation as a mathematician. It was there that she was encouraged to earn her professional certification in aeronautical engineering from UCLA in 1949, after which she broke new ground as one of the 40 founding members of the top-secret Skunk Works team. Her work on the team included developing initial design concepts for interplanetary space travel (including flyby missions to Venus and Mars) and satellites including the Agena rocket (depicted in today’s Doodle). “Often at night there were four of us working until 11 p.m.,” she later recounted. “I was the pencil pusher, doing a lot of research. My state of the art tools were a slide rule and a Frieden computer. We were taking the theoretical and making it real.”

Leading by example, Ross also opened doors for future generations of women and American Indians by participating in efforts to encourage their pursuits in STEM fields, including being a member and Fellow of the Society of Women Engineers (SWE). In 1992 the SWE  established a scholarship in Ross’s name, which aims to support future female engineers and technologists, including Aditi Jain, a current Google Maps engineer.  “More than money, it gave me confidence,” says Jain who earned a degree in Math and Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University “I don’t think I considered myself an engineer until I received the scholarship.”

Here’s to Mary G. Ross, a pioneer who reached for the stars and whose legacy continues to inspire others to do the same.


Special thanks to both the family of Mary G. Ross and the Society of Women Engineers for their partnerships on this project. Jeff Ross, nephew of Mary G. Ross, shares his thoughts on his aunt’s legacy:

The Ross family is excited that Google has chosen Mary G. Ross for a Doodle on her 110th birthday. A proud Cherokee woman and the great-great granddaughter of Chief John Ross, Mary is an excellent role model for young women and American Indians everywhere. Her accomplishments are a testament to her determination and love for education. Our hope as a family is that her story inspires young people to pursue a technical career and better the world through science.

Pictured: Mary G. Ross

Photo credit: Courtesy of Evelyn Ross McMillan

 

Karen Horting, Executive Director & CEO of the Society of Women Engineers also shares her thoughts on Mary G. Ross:

Mary G. Ross was not only a pioneer in the engineering field, but as a Society of Women Engineers leader she inspired countless underrepresented women to persist in careers in STEM.

Pictured: Mary G. Ross

Photo credit: Courtesy of Society of Women Engineers Archives

 

Mary Ross presents a Society of Women Engineers certificate to Akiko Inoue, April 23, 1993.

Pictured: Mary G. Ross presents a SWE certificate to Akiko Inoue, April 23, 1993.

Photo credit: Courtesy of Society of Women Engineers Archives

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